Witnesses and Whistleblowers

Expert Testimony

Photo of Alton Ochsner

Alton Ochsner

Photo of Ernst Wynder

Ernst Wynder

During the mid-1950s, plaintiffs called Alton Ochsner and Ernst Wynder, notable scientists studying tobacco disease, as expert witnesses. By the later 1960s, retired Surgeon General Luther Terry had also testified for plaintiffs.

Photo of Surgeon General Luther Terry

Surgeon General Luther Terry

Defendants groomed witnesses chosen and trained by company lawyers; these same experts also appeared on behalf of the cigarette industry at Congressional Committee hearings.

 

Insiders who leaked valuable information